Ajit Talekar-26 Years
Types of Intelligence
In 1983 a researcher and professor at Harvard University named Howard Gardner proposed a new view of intelligence that has been widely embraced since its publication, now being incorporated in school curriculum across the country. In his book “Frames of Mind”, Gardner put forward his “Theory of Multiple Intelligences,” a theory that challenged that dominant definition of intelligence as limited to mathematical and linguistic abilities (verbal and computational intelligences). Gardner theorized that rather than just these two intelligences, a grouping of eight intelligences more accurately accounts for the diversity of ways in which people acquire and utilize knowledge.
Eight Kinds of Intelligence
- Verbal-Linguistic Intelligence : People with verbal-linguistic intelligence display a facility with words and languages. They are typically good at reading, writing, telling stories and memorizing words & dates. They tend to learn best by reading, taking notes, and listening to lectures, via discussions and debates. Skilled at explaining, teaching or persuasive speaking. Learn foreign languages very easily as they have high verbal memory. Capability of using right language at right place.Command over both words and language.
- Logical-Mathematic Intelligence : This area has to do with logics & numbers and it is often assumed that those with this intelligence naturally excel in mathematics, chess, computer programming and other logical or numerical activities. This has to do with scientific thinking and ability to perform complex calculations.
- Visual-Spatial Intelligence: People with strong visual-spatial intelligence and typically very good at visualizing and mentally manipulating objects. They have strong visual memory and are often artistically inclined. Have good sense of direction and may have very good hand-eyes coordination.
- Bodily-Kinesthetic Intelligence : This area has to do with movements. People who have this intelligence usually enjoy acting and performing. They often learn best by physically doing things rather than reading or hearing about it. In this category, people generally adapt to physical activities such as sports or dance and often prefer activities which utilize movements, Good at building and making things. They require fine motor skills that are required for dancing, athletics, surgery, craft and other bodily movement functions. Comfortable with stretched working hours.
- Musical-Rhythmic Intelligence : Those who have a high level of a musical rhythmic intelligence display greater sensitivity to sounds, rhythms, tones, & music, they normally have good pitch. They are able to sing and play musical instruments and compose music. Since there is strong aural component to this intelligence, those who are strong in it may learn best via lectures, In addition they may use songs or rhythms to learn and memorize information and may work bets with music playing. Has a good sense of music, not necessary that he/she will have complete knowledge of music or about music, but will sense and catch mistakes.
- Interpersonal-Social Intelligence : This area has to do with interaction with others. People in this category, are usually extroverts and are characterized by their sensitivity to other’s moods, feelings, temperaments and motivations and their ability to cooperate in order to work as a part of group. They communicate effectively and empathize easily with others and may be leaders or followers, they typically learn best by working with others and often enjoy discussion and debate. They like to make groups and to communicate with others.
- Intrapersonal Intelligence: Those who are strongest in this intelligence are typically introverts and prefer to work alone and they are usually self-aware and capable of understanding their own emotions, goals, & motivations. They learn best when allowed to concentrate on the subject by themselves. There is often a high level of perfectionism associated with this intelligence. They think on all the aspects before taking decision.
- Naturalistic Intelligence : Involves understanding the natural world of plants and animals, noticing their characteristics and categorizing them. It generally involves keen observation of environment and surrounding and the ability to classify them. Explores nature, collections of objects, studying them and grouping them. Have greater sensitivity to sight, sound, smell, taste and touch, makes keen observations about natural changes, interconnections and patterns. They are also good at recognizing and classifying different species. Naturalists learn best when the subject involves collecting and analyzing, or is closely related to something prominent in nature.